Porcelain restoration
Ceramic conservation procedures
Ceramic conservation has a long history and
a great number of materials and techniques
have been employed over the years.
Restoration of ceramics poses many
problems, from removing a previous poor or
discolored repairs to challenge of correctly
dismantling, resticking and aligning shards,
and the filling and colormatching of missing
areas. Many old restorations are executed
with very poor quality - frequently too much
adhesive has been applied causing
misalignment, unsuitable materials have been
used in gap fills and, most commonly,
overpainting has occured in attempt to
disguise a poor repair.
All materials used in Szelag Art Conservation
studio are reversible, colorfast and the
restorations are almost not detectable.
Adhesives, pigments and synthetic glazes are
the best on the market and specially prepared
for conservation purposes.
1. Examination and identification
2. Cleaning  and old restorations removal
The first action of a conservator after initial
examination of a ceramic object is to remove  
previous restoration if they are not important in
the context of the study of the history of
conservation techniques.
The safety of the object during the removal
process should always be considered.
There are many different adhesives available
that are appropriate for use on ceramics.
However, an adhesive that is suitable for
hard-paste porcelain may not be entirely
suitable for use on tin glazed earthenware or
unglazed pottery.
Reversibility is the most important factor for
selecting the best adhesive.
The aim of retouching is to disguise fillings that
have been made in a damage object and allow
them to blend in.
Despite the recent developments of techniques
for creating matched fillings, retouching remains
a skill that is vitally important to every ceramic
Matching the colors and final glazing make the
total process of porcelain restoration full
success or failure.
6.     Gilding
and glazing
Meissen Restoration
314 - 427 - 3006
4. Replacement and reconstruction
3. Bonding